Company Law Notes for Company Law Notes

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Concept and Meaning of Company

Definition of a “Company”

A company is a “corporation” – an artificial person created by law.

A human being is a “natural” person.

A company is a “legal” person.

A company thus has legal rights and obligations in the same way that a natural person does.

A corporation under Company law or corporate law is specifically referred to as a “legal person” i.e. as a subject of rights and duties that is capable of owning real property, entering into contracts, and having the ability to sue and be sued in its own name. In other words, a corporation is a juristic person that in most instances is legally treated as a person, and empowered with the attributes to own its own property, execute contracts, as well as ability to sue and be sued.

The term company implies an association of a number of people for some common object(s). It is more complicated form of association; than other type of business enterprise. It consists of large and fluctuate membership requires a more elaborative organization i.e. should recognize that 1st constitute a distinct, legal person subject to legal duties and entitle to legal right separate from those of its member. It is a legal person and is only created by law and dissolved only in accordance to law. It is not true that company implies an association because even a single person can create a company. Thus a company may be established by one or more persons, should be established with the intention of making a profit, should have one or more objectives and there are mention in memorandum.

Company is competent to have a personality and also regarded as a new person capable of bear right & duties after incorporation. Although it is a legal person has no body, no soul or conscience, no physical existence except in the eye of law.

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