Economics 11 Notes for Economics Notes

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Current Situation of Population in Nepal

1. Size of population

The size of the population of Nepal according to the latest population census 2068 (2011) is 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 numbers of people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.

2. Geographical distribution

Geographically, Nepal is divided into Himalayan, Hilly and Terai region. The population census 2011 (2068) has shown the geographical distribution of the population of Nepal as follows.

Region Population Percentage
Himalayan 17,81,792 6.73%
Hilly 1,13,94,007 43%
Terai 1,33,18,705 50.27%
Total 2,64,94,504 100%

3. Density of Population

Population density (average number of population per square kilometer) at the national level is 180 compared to 157 in 2001. The highest population density is found in Kathmandu district (4,416 people per square km) and lowest (3 people per square km) in Manang district.

4. Regional distribution

According to the population census 2011 regional distribution of the total population in Nepal is shown by the following table.

Development Region Population Percentage
Eastern Development Region 58,11,555 21.9%
Central Development Region 9,656,985 36.45%
Western Development Region 4,926,765 18.6
Mid-Western Development Region 3,546,682 13.4%
Far-Western Development Region 2,552,517 9.6%

5. Rural-Urban

Rural-Urban population distribution of Nepal, according to the result of the latest census 2068 (2011) is shown by the following table.

Area Population Percentage
Rural 21,970,684 82.9%
Urban 4,523,820 17.1%
Total 26,494,504 100

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