Labour Law Notes for Labour Law Notes

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Holiday and Leave

Meaning of holidays:

A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate an event or tradition of cultural or religious significance. Holidays may be designated by governments, religious institutions, or other groups or organizations. The degree to which normal activities are reduced by a holiday may depend on local laws, customs, the type of job being held or even personal choices.

Concept of holidays:

  • The concept of holidays often originated in connection with religious observances.
  • The intention of a holiday was typical to allow individuals to tend to religious duties associated with important dates on the calendar.
  • In many societies, there are important distinctions between holidays designated by governments and holidays designated by religious institutions. For example, in many predominantly Christian nations, Hindu nations, Buddhist Nations, etc. government-designed holidays may center on Christian holidays, Hinduism, Muslims, Buddhists observe religious holidays associated with their faith.


The worker or employee is entitled to holidays as per the terms and conditions of his/her employment contract that was concluded with the employer. Generally, such types of holidays shall be as prescribed in the Laws and Regulations. Leave is not a matter of right; it is only a privilege.

The authority to sanction leave may, in the keeping of view the work of the Enterprise, refuse to sanction leave, postpone utilization thereof, make a deduction or cancel any sanctioned leave.

Prevailing legal provision about holidays (leave):

Generally, holidays are given to the worker or employees as per the laws and regulations of the concerned laws and regulations of services. Such as civil servants, security personnel and others are entitled to holidays as per their sector-wise laws and regulations. Worker or labor or employee working in enterprises or productive sectors shall be governed by labor laws and regulations and entitled holidays as per the laws and regulations.


Weekly Holiday – 1 day every week
Public Holiday – 13 days including May day. Additional 1 day to female employees including Intl Women Labor Day. Annual Leave – 1 day for every 20 worked days.
Sick Leave – Half paid up to 15 days. Eligibility for the leave : Completion of 1 year of service.

Mourning Leave – 13 days

Leave in lieu For the laborers put in work on a public holiday or weekly off.

Maternity Leave – Fully paid – 98 days. Fully paid up to 60 days.

Paternity Leave – 15 days. Fully Paid

International standard of working hours:

The regulation of working time is one of the oldest concerns of labour legislation. Already in the early 19th century it was recognized that working excessive hours posed a danger to workers’ health and to their families. The very first ILO Convention, adopted in 1919 (see below), limited hours of work and provided for adequate rest periods for workers. Today, ILO standards on working time provide the framework for regulated hours of work, daily and weekly rest periods, and annual holidays. These instruments ensure high productivity while safeguarding workers’ physical and mental health. Standards on part-time work have become increasingly important instruments for addressing such issues as job creation and promoting equality between men and women.

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