Sociology BA LLB for Sociology Notes

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Effects of the social contract

  • Hobbes: People will live in peace but without rights except for the right to self-defense
  • Locke: The three natural rights which exist in the State of Nature will be easier to enforce by the government. Those who have given express consent will be bound by the contract; those who have given tacit consent can opt out and leave.
  • Rousseau: Life will be fair for all if we employ the general will and set aside our personal interests.
  • Kant: The people will be fairly represented by the Sovereign without actually having to participate.
  • Rawls: We will have decided on a system that is fair for everyone, using the “Veil of Ignorance.”

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