Alkyl Halides

ALKYL HALIDES
ALKYL HALIDES
    Organic compound containing halogen atom as a functional group are called alkyl halides. Alkyl halides     are very reactive organic compounds .
The general formula of alkyl halide is CnH2n+1– X, where X= Cl, Br, I.
Example: CH3-Cl (Methyl Chloride),CH3-Br (Methyl bromide) ,C2H5-Br (Ethyl Bromide) ,C3H7-Br (Propyl     bromide) etc. etc.
CLASSIFICATION OF ALKYL HALIDES
    Alkyl halides are classified into three classes:
PRIMARY ALKYL HALIDE:
Alkyl halides containing primary C-atom are called primary alkyl halides.
     For example:
CH3-CH2-I (Ethyl iodide) ,
    SECONDARY ALKYL HALIDE:
Alkyl halides containing secondary c-atom are called secondary alkyl halides.
For example:
    TERTIARY ALKYL HALIDE:    Alkyl halides containing tertiary c-atom are called tertiary alkyl halide.
For example:

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