Basis of CRC


the child is an individual
the child has special needs
the child needs support and protection
the child’s integrity must be respected
the child’s right to express his/her opinion
the child has his/her own rights

  • The right to survival and development

–The principle most directly related to children’s economic and social rights is formulated in the right to life article. The article goes further than just granting children the right not to be killed; it includes the right to survival and development which is formulated in Article 6:2 and states thus: “State parties shall ensure to the maximum extend possible the survival and development of the child.”

  • Non-Discrimination

–One general principle as identified by the committee on the rights of the child is that all children should enjoy their rights and should never be subjected to any discrimination.

  • The obligation to provide equality of opportunities among children is expressed in Article 2, the first paragraph of which reads: “States parties shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s parents or legal guardian, race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, poverty, disability, birth or other status.”