Concept of Political Party


Political party serves as the motive force in crystalizing public opinion and as the unifying agency which makes democracy workable. Political party is an organized group of citizens who held common views and acts as a political unit to seek control of the government as well as to prepare programs and policies.

McIver defines political party as an “association organized in support of some principles or policies, which by constitutional means, it endeavors to make the determinant of government.”

Leacock compares it to a joint stock company to which each member contributes his share of political power.

Carl Friedrich defines “ a political party as a group of human beings, stably organized with objectives of securing or maintaining for its leaders the control of a government and with the further objectives of giving to members of the party, through such control, ideal benefits and advantages.”