Current Situation of Population in Nepal

1.     Size of population
The size of the population of Nepal according to the latest population census 2068 (2011) is 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 numbers of people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.
2. Geographical distributionGeographically, Nepal is divided into Himalayan, Hilly and Terai region. The population census 2011 (2068) has shown the geographical distribution of the population of Nepal as follows.
Region
Population
Percentage
Himalayan
17,81,792
6.73%
Hilly
1,13,94,007
43%
Terai
1,33,18,705
50.27%
Total
2,64,94,504
100%
3. Density of PopulationPopulation density (average number of population per square kilometer) at the national level is 180 compared to 157 in 2001. The highest population density is found in Kathmandu district (4,416 people per square km) and lowest (3 people per square km) in Manang district.
4. Regional distributionAccording to the population census 2011 regional distribution of the total population in Nepal is shown by the following table.
Development Region
Population
Percentage
Eastern Development Region
58,11,555
21.9%
Central Development Region
9,656,985
36.45%
Western Development Region
4,926,765
18.6
Mid-Western Development Region
3,546,682
13.4%
Far-Western Development Region
2,552,517
9.6%
5. Rural-UrbanRural-Urban population distribution of Nepal, according to the result of the latest census 2068 (2011) is shown by the following table.
Area
Population
Percentage
Rural
21,970,684
82.9%
Urban
4,523,820
17.1%
Total
26,494,504
100