Features of Foreign policy of Nepal

Nepal has been mainly raising the following matters in the UNO, Non-Aligned conference, SAARC Summit and in the multilateral and bilateral forums:
1) Trust and values towards panchashil doctrines:
Nepal has adopted the foreign policy keeping trust and value in the following Five principles approved by Bandung Conference in 1955.
a)Non-interference
b) Non-invision
c) Respect to regional indivisibility, sovereignty and freedom of one country to another
d) To have equality and mutual well being
e) to maintain peaceful co-existence
2) To respect UN charter and make the UNO able and strong
3) To protect against casteism, color discrimination, colonialism and imperialism
4) To solve international conflict, misunderstanding and problems through peaceful means
5) Note to form and minitary part
6) keep trust in international law
7) maintain peace, unity, understanding and brotherhood in the world
8) to achieve sustainable peace by institutionalizing peace in Nepal
9) To emphasize on regional help
10) To emphasize on disarmament and protest armament
11) To secure and promote the genuine right of land locked countries
12) To initiate a new economic model in the world
13) To get help and support from friendly countries for economic prosperity
14) To protest any type of interference done by big nation
15) To advocate in favor of economic development and prosperity of very underdeveloped countries
16) Not interfere in the internal issues of the other countries
17) To adopt Non- alignment
18) To emphasize on protection and promotion of human right all over the world
19) To establish special and practical relationship with neighbouring countries, etc.

 

Policy provisions
Constitutional provision
Act 33. under the responsibility of the nation
Act 33 (dha) To implement the international treaties and agreements in favor of the nation effectively
Act 33 (na) using available water resources, natural means and resources for the well-being of the country
Act 33 (6) The international relationship of the nation will be directed in the direction of promoting national respect in the international arena yet maintaining sovereignty, indivisibility and freedom of the nation.
Act 35 under the state’s policy
Act 35(12) the state will adopt the policy of attracting foreign capital and technology in the country still giving priority to nation investment for nation development.
Act 35(21) Nepal will undertake its foreign policy on the basic of the norms of UN charter, non alignment, five principles doctrine’s, international law and world peace
Act 35(22) the state will adopt the policy that helps to institutionalize peace and order based on international norms and values with co-operative relationship along socio-economic as well as other different sectors based on equality with the neighbouring and friendly countries of the world.

 Legal provisions
Existent acts
1. facility and freedom towards foreign stats and diplomatic representative act, 2027
2.continuity of foreign transaction act 2019
3.  foreign investment act 2010
4. foreign investment and technique handover act 2049
5. passwort act 2024
6. labour act 2048
7. foreign employment act 2042
8. human trafficking control act 2064
9. treaty act 2047
10. non- inhabitant Nepalese act, 2064
Existent rules
1.passport regulation 2059
2. Labour regulation 2050
3.Hotel, lodge, restaurant, bar and guiding regulation 2038
4. Honorary consul general regulation 2039
5. Immigration regulation 2051
6. trekking and rafting regulation 2059
7. Mountaineering reguration 2041
8. regulation foreign exchange regulation 2020
9.Foreign investment tax regulation, 2020
10. Foreign empolyment regulation 2056

 Verdict or orders of Supreme Court
1. the court cannot issue order on the mater which is of the nature to be solved by diplomatic effort.
2. Action plan record signed by two countries need not be confidential
3. Any written agreement between two countries will be regarded as treaty
4. No legal condition to use the land abandoned by Sugauli Treaty by annexing it in Nepal

Existent problems in Foreign policy and foreign relationship
1. Continuity of party partition in appointment of ambassadors without following diplomatic ability and efficiency
2. lack of professional competency with the ambassadors
3. The candidates having specialisation in industrial, commercial, employment and diplomatic sector are not selected to appoint ambassadors.
4.Weak condition of financial diplomacy
5.Lack of information and notice through well known international newspapers and magazines by publishing different articles about Nepal.
6.Lack of wide diversification in bilateral and multilateral business investment, technique handover and industrial promotion.
7.Lack of development of water resources through foreign policy and foreign relationship.
8. Lack of seeking investors and presenting proposals activities through foreign missions.
9.Lack of extension of potentials in tourism promotion through diplomatic missions.
10.Lack of efforts to promote export of nepalese goods in international market.
11.Lack of development and expansion of international gathering, exhibition and commercial representatives board.
12.Weak management of foreign assistance.
13.Adverse effect on foreign policy and foreign relationship due to political instability.

SUGGESTIONS TO SOLVE EXISTENT PROBLEMS IN FOREIGN POLICY AND FOREIGN RELATIONSHIP
1.To appoint ambassadors on the basis of diplomatic ability and efficiency.
2.No political partition on appointing ambassadors.
3.To train the ambassador in financial diplomacy before sending to foreign mission.
4.To include subject matter related to knowledge and experience of industrial, financial, employment and diplomatic sectors in the public hearing for the appointment of ambassador.
5.To broadcast and publish information and notice about different sectors of Nepal through chief newspapers and broadcast mediums of the world.
6.Diplomatic agencies established in the foreign countries should pay special attention to run different activities for the development of tourism, trade, commerce and business of Nepal.
7.Foreign relationship should be strengthened through the medium of international fete exhibition and business representatives boards.
8.Special attention to be paid towards conducting Nepal’s foreign policy and foreign relationship for the multisector utilization of water resources.
9.To conduct foreign relationship and diplomatic activities considering bilateral and multilateral business, promotion, and expansion of investment and technique handover.
10.To make special effort to promote export through foreign policy.
11.To build up any treaty and agreement insuring the favor of national wellbeing and national interest.