IMPACT OF THE COLD WAR


1. Immediate Consequences

Communist Containment, the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan

President Harry S. Truman announced the Truman Doctrine on March 12, 1947.

The containment policy would take necessary diplomatic, economic, and military measures to stop communism from spreading to new areas instead of fighting in the areas that were already communist.

Truman proclaimed that the United States would commit itself to support any nation struggling against “armed minorities or outside pressures.”



U.S. foreign policy thereby formally adopted the Truman Doctrine or the containment policy became a key component of U.S. foreign policy throughout the Cold War.

In June 1947, U.S. secretary of state George C. Marshall announced a U.S.‐sponsored economic aid program (the Marshall Plan) to help European nations recover from World War II.

The Marshall Plan was generally an attempt to protect Europe from being taken over by the Communists. The Marshall Plan was often considered as the economic weapon of the Truman Doctrine of containment.

By strengthening West European economies, the threat of communism taking hold in the region was diminished.

The Marshall Plan was considered to be successful.