International Relations and Diplomacy Content
Intermediate Consequences of Cold War
- The Korean War
Japan had taken over Korea in 1910 & ruled it until 1945.
Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established in 1948 in the zone that had been occupied by the US after defeating Japan. Communist North Korean troops, backed by Soviet Union invaded South Korea in June 1950 in order to unite Korea under communist regime.
The U.S. sent troops to defend democratic South Korea. By mid‐July 1950, a 17‐nation military coalition fighting under a U.S.‐led UN Command was engaged in fierce fighting against advancing North Korean troops
In late December 1950, China intervened in the war when UN forces were about to defeat North Korean forces.
The Chinese troops pushed the U.S. back to the 38th parallel (38° North latitude) where the border of North Korea and South Korea still stands today.
The war came to the state of ceasefire in 1953 after the move of the UN Security Council. No peace treaty was signed, and North and South Korea remain technically at war to this very day.
- Cuba and the 1962 Missile Crisis
The 1959 Cuban Revolution sparked the most dangerous confrontation of the entire Cold War.
The US wanted to crush emerging communism in Cuba that was just 90 miles from Florida.
US destabilize and topple the Castro regime, in april1961, the United States even sponsored a failed invasion of Cuba designed to remove Castro from power.
After that, the Soviets vowed to protect Cuba from U.S. intervention.
The John F. Kennedy administration publicly confronted the Soviets and demanded that supply of missiles be stopped.
The US relaxed its attitude towards Cuba, and the USSR withdrew supplying the missiles when the US agreed to remove its missiles from Turkey.