Introduction to Cicero


  • Cicero is the champion of medieval political theory.
  • He was Roman Political thinker influenced by Stoic philosophy.
  • Zeno was the exponent of Stoic Philosophy. The main themes of Stoic Philosophy are:

– Universal natural law

– Universal Citizenship

– Natural equality of human being

  • In his opinion, Universe as a whole is a state. So he used to say that there is no city state in the world.

According to Cicero, “State is a ‘res pupuli’ means a common wealth having feeling of universal brotherhood without any hierarchy