Private: Administrative Law Content
Judicial control over delegated legislation
Judicial control over delegated legislation occupies an important place in the field of control mechanisms. Judicial control means assessment by the court of the legal validity of a piece of delegated legislation which the court may do first, with reference to the constitution by applying the doctrine of ultra vires and secondly, with reference to the other recognized principles of law. It is the most effective method to keep the administration within legal boundaries. The interim constitution of Nepal 2063 the fundamental law of the land and all laws inconsistent with it shall be void. And can be so declared by the supreme court of Nepal. And stressing the importance and the judicial review supreme court has also stated, “If court were to close its door for the injured people whose legal and constitutional rights have been curtailed, then injured will always suffer injustice and the government and public officials will become more and more arbitrary and ultimately the constitutional aim of rule of law will not be achieved. It is the integral constitutional principle that forms a very important regulating mechanism of democratic government and for the protection of people’s rights. It is not only a means to checking executive action but also an ultimate watchdog of the people’s fundamental rights.
Judicial is adjective of the judiciary. It means 1) the power of a court to interpret statutes and to declare them when they violate the constitution. 2) A form of appeal from an administrative body to the courts for control of the agency’s finding of fact or law.
The general theory of judicial control is called the doctrine of Ulta-vires. Administrative power derives from the statute. The limits are found in the statute itself or in the general principles of the construction by the courts. Judicial control, therefore, means control and is based on the fundamental principle of the legal system that powers can be validly exercised only within their true limits.
The scope of judicial control may be classified by the following principles.
- Breach of the principle of Natural justice
- Excess of power of “substantive” ultra vires.
- Errors of law
- Failure to perform a duty
- Bad faith or abuse of power