Judicial Notice


Certain facts are supposed to be already within the knowledge  of court. So such  facts need not be proved. They are supposed  to be within  the notice of  the court. Facts  which are  quite  famous  or notorious  may be subject  matter  of judicial  notice. Similarly  facts which  are beyond  controversy  are judicially noticeable such as a week has 7 days, Saturday is the official  holiday of Nepal, Falgun 7 is the democracy day .These facts can not be a bone  of contention. So they  need not be proved. The court  perse acts upon  them. Section 5 of the Evidence Act 2031 of Nepal  deals with judicial  notice. The section gains some examples in  which  the court  is supposed to take  judicial notice.They may be stated as  follows;

  1. The National Anthem
  2. Signature(sign manual) of the Head of State
  3. The geographical condition of the country
  4. The constitution of of Nepal and the laws  of the Nepal
  5. Notice Published in Nepal Gazette
  6. Other facts which are beyond controversy the court  is regarded  as expert of the law of  Nepal and the constitution. The facts  stated above  are one famous and beyond  controversy. Notice  published in Nepal Gazette  is the notification  of Nepal Government to public  at large. So such fact are taken  by the  court without  pursuing  the process of admitting  evidence. However, when the court  is not  certain  in any fact, the court may  order to the  parties  to the litigation  to produce  such  materials  which assist  it  to take  judicial notice. Such materials are  not evidence ;they are materials  which assist  the court  to refresh its  memory.

Improper Admission and rejections of evidence:

If any court admits any improper  evidence or rejects proper evidence  in any court proceeding  the decision  does not  fail  or stand  for the very reason unless it  is proved  that the rejection  or admission  of any evidence  has crucial effect  at the  adjudication .[Section 54 of the Evidence Act 2031 of Nepal]