Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases



KINETIC MOLECULAR THEORY OF GASES
MAIN POSTULATES
     Main postulates of kinetic molecular theory of gases are as under:
  •  A gas consists of very small microscopic particles called ‘molecules’. Depending upon the nature of      gas each gas molecule may consists of an atom or group of atoms. Molecules are in a state of      continuous motion.
  • All the molecules of a gas are in stable state and are considered identical.
  •  Any finite volume of a gas consists of very large number of molecules.

            At S.T.P. there are 3 × 1025 molecules in a cubic meter.

  • The molecules are wide separated from each other as compared to their own dimensions.
  •  The diameter of a molecule is about  3 x 10-10 meter.
  • Gas molecules move in straight line in all possible directions (random movement) with various

speeds.

  •  Gas molecules collide with each other and with the walls of container. Their collisions are perfectly      elastic in nature.
  • Gas molecules when collide with the walls of container, they transfer their momentum which appears      as pressure of gas.
  •  Molecules of an ideal gas exert no force of attraction or repulsion on one another except during      collision.
  • The average kinetic energy of gas molecules is directly proportional to absolute temperature.
  •  At a given temperature, the molecules of all gases have the same kinetic energy.
  •  Newtonian mechanics is applicable to molecular motion.