Membership of the United Nations


  • Article 4, UN Charter

–Substantive requirements

  • state
  • Peace loving
  • accept obligations, able & willing

–Procedural requirements

  • SC recommends
  • GA takes a decision

The procedure for Membership is briefly as follows:

  • The State submits an application to the Secretary-General and a letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the Charter.
  • The Security Council considers the application. Any recommendation for admission must receive the affirmative votes of 9 of the 15 members of the Council, provided that none of its five permanent members — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America — have voted against the application.
  • If the Council recommends admission, the recommendation is presented to the General Assembly for consideration. A two-thirds majority vote is necessary in the Assembly for admission of a new State.
  • Membership becomes effective the date the resolution for admission is adopted.