Practical Questions


    Accounting Equation

    Rule: Assets= Capital + Liabilities

    Practical Questions

               1.    Started business with cash and bank balance Rs. 1,00,000 and Rs. 50,000  respectively.

               2.    Goods costing Rs. 10,000 sold for Rs. 12,000 on credit.



               3.    Goods purchased on credit Rs. 5,000.

               4.    Received from debtor Rs. 11,800 in full settlement.

               5.    Paid to creditor Rs. 4,700 in full settlement.

               6.    Loan taken from Everest bank limited Rs. 20,000.

               7.    Rent paid rs. 12,000 including pre-paid Rs. 2,000.

               8.    Commission received Rs. 6000 including advance Rs. 1,000.

               9.     Furniture costing rs. 1,500 sold for rs. 1,200 on credit.

    10.    Machinery costing rs. 5,000 destroyed by fire and Insurance Company admitted claim rs. 3,000.

    11.    Interest on loan paid rs. 1,800 and still payable rs. 200.

    12.   Donation paid rs. 1,000.

    13. Rent received rs. 2,000 and still receivable rs. 200.

    Accounting Equation                          5 marks

    SN

    Transaction

    Asset

    Capital

    Liabilities

    1

    Started business with cash and bank balance

    1,00,000 cash

    50,000 bank balance

    1,50,000

    0

    Starting Equation

    1,50,000

    =

    1,50,000

    +

    0

    2

    Goods sold on credit with profit

    12,000 debtor

    (10,000) goods

    2000 (profit)

    0

    New Equation

    1,52,000

    =

    1,52,000

    +

    0

    3

    Goods purchased on credit

    5000 Goods

    5000 (creditor)

    New Equation

    1,57,000

    =

    1,52,000

    +

    1,57,000

    4.

    Received from debtor in full settlement

    11,800 cash

    (12,000) debtor

    -200 (discount allowed)

    5,000

    New equation

    1,56,800

    =

    1,51
    ,800

    +

    5,000

    5.

    Paid to creditor in full settlement

    (4,700) cash

    300 (discount received)

    0

    New Equation

    1,52,100

    =

    1,52,100

    +

    0

    6

    Loan taken from everest bank limited

    20,000 cash

    0

    20,000

    New Equation

    1,72,100

    =

    1,52,100

    +

    20,000

    7

    Rent paid including prepaid

    (10,000) cash

    (2,000) prepaid rent

    (12,000) expenses

    0

    New Equation

    1,60,100

    =

    1,40,100

    +

    20,000

    8

    Commission received including advance

    6,000 cash

    5,000 (income)

    1,000

    New Equation

    1,66,100

    =

    1,45,100

    +

    21,000

    9

    Furniture sold on loss

    1200 cash

    (1500) furniture

    (300) loss

    0

    New Equation

    1,65,800

    =

    1,44,800

    +

    21,000

    10

    Machinery destroyed by fire and insurance co. admitted claim partially

    3,000 (insurance co.)

    (5,000) machinery

    (2,000) loss

    0

    New Equation

    1,63,800

    =

    1,42,800

    +

    21,000

    11

    Interest on load paid and still payable

    (1800) cash

    (2000) interest

    200

    New Equation

    1,62,000

    =

    1,40,800

    21,200

    12

    Donation Paid

    (1000) cash

    (1000) expenses

    0

    New Equation

    1,61,000

    =

    1,39,800

    +

    21,200

    13

    Rent received and still receivable

    2,000 cash

    200 receivable

    2,200 (income)

    0

    Final Equation

    1,63,200

    =

    1,42,000

    +

    21,200

    Therefore, Assets= 1,63,200 , Capital=1,42,000 and Liabilities= 21,200.