Sociology XI Content
Sociology is formed of two Greek and Latin words Socious and Logas where socious means society and logas means science of study. So, in sociology we learn about research, culture, tradition, human behavior of people living in a society. Sociology is a very broad subject. Unlike other subjects, we experiment or learn things theoretically.
Auguste Comte (1798-1857) is a fresh philosopher and is called father of sociology.
Likewise, Dor Bahadur Bista is known as father of sociology in Nepal. After his death, his son Kesar Bahadur Bista also became a socialist and wrote numerous volumes of books. Sociology (as used by A. Comte) is established in 1839.
Sociology is science of society. Sociology is the word used for the first time by Auguste Comte in famous Course De Philosophic Posetive (Posetive Philosopy)
Dor Bahadur Bista has written two books
1. Fatalism and Development (In context of Nepal)
2. The Newars
3. Autai Jat Ko Phulbari
There is also a famous book written by a famous writer about Hinduism. And name of the book is “Why Hindus don’t eat cow?”
2. Why we are as we are ? Why we do as we do ?
We are influenced by the historical and social forces. Sociology studies the above question in broader view. Sociology is the systematic study of social behavior and human groups. It focuses on the influence of social relationship upon peoples attitudes and behavior as well as on how societies are established and changed.
First we think – attitude
Then we act – behavior
Definition of Sociology from different Sociologist
– Max Weber
– K. Young
– M. Ginsberg
– Maclver & Page
– Young and Mac
– Emile Durkheim
– Hebert Spencer
– Augste Comte
Four father of Sociology