 # Some Terms

 Some Terms: PERIODIC MOTION A motion that repeats itself in equal intervals of time is called Periodic Motion. VIBRATORY MOTION If a particle in periodic motion moves back and forth (To and Fro) over the same path, then this type of motion is called Vibratory or Oscillatory Motion. VIBRATION A complete round trip of a vibrating body is called a Vibration. or The motion of a vibrating body from one extreme point to the other extreme point and back to the first extreme point is called VIBRATION. For Example the motion of the bob of Simple Pendulum from A to B & back from B to A via point “O” is called one Vibration. TIME PERIOD Time required to complete one vibration is called Time Period of vibrating body. It is denoted by “T”. FREQUENCY Number of vibrations executed by a vibrating body in one second is called its frequency. It is denoted by “f”. Frequency is reciprocal of time period f = 1/T Unit of frequency : Hertz Other units : cycle/sec or vibration/sec. DISPLACEMENT Displacement of the vibrating body at any instant in its distance from the mean position at that instant either right or left side. Here it is denoted by “x“. AMPLITUDE Maximum displacement of a vibrating body on either side of its equilibrium position is called amplitude of vibration. It is denoted by  .