Statement on the spot

Statement made before or after the incident, that is called statement on the spot. Section 10 of Evidence Act 2031 states that “Anything said or done spontaneously in any incidence  may be given  in evidence”.

Such type evidence also known as statement made as a part of transaction.

As per the Section 6 of Indian Evidence Act 1872 has made similar provision. It is also known as res jestae. Such statement, in order to be admissible must be made spontaneously with the incidence. It should not be narrative in style and should avoid concoction of evidence.

Who can make such statement?

Any person who has observed the incidence or who has suffered the incidence, may make such expressions and person who observed or heard it may give evidence.



Rationality:

Any person who has spoken anything exhibiting his/her personal feeling through bodily gesture may be given in evidence by a person  who has  come across  of him/her. The principle is that such expressions are less likely to be false.