The Origin of the UN

  • Atlantic Charter – August 14 1941
  • Washington Declaration – January 1 1942
  • Moscow Declaration – Oct 30 1943
  • USSR, US, UK and China
  • Dumbarton Oaks – August to October 1944
  • Yalta Conference – February 1945
  • US, UK and USSR
  • San Francisco Conference -April 25 1945

The Intent of the Planners

  • “…all of the nations of the world…must come to the abandonment of the use of force…”
  • “…the establishment of a wider and permanent system of general security…”
  • “…the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field, with the object of securing for all improved labour standards, economic advancement, and social security.” [Atlantic Charter]

San Francisco Conference - April 25 1945

  • 50 delegations in attendance at the United Nation’s Conference on International Organisation [UNCIO]
  • UN Charter was signed by all delegations on June 26.
  • Smaller powers achieved important alterations to the Dumbarton Oaks plan.

  • The UNGA was given broader powers.

  • The status of EcoSoc was raised.

  • Limitations were placed on the powers of the UNSC to call into use military forces of non members of the Security Council, by allowing those non members to attend relevant SC Meetings

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