Evolution of Political Science


The History of Political Science

A curve of scientific progress in the study of politics begin in Greek political science, make modest gains in the Roman centuries, not much progress in the Middle Ages, rise a bit in the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, some substantial gains in the 19th century and solid growth in the 20th century acquiring professional characteristics.

It properly begins with Plato (428-348 B.C.E.) {The Republic, The Statesman and The Laws} and refined by his disciple Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) {Politics}

Historical Development of Political Science

—A dynamic science concerned with human beings as political animal and power-centered state.



—Aristotle termed it ‘Master Science’ and held a philosophical and pragmatic view. ‘Good’ politics

—Derived from combination of three Greek words – polis (city-state), polity (government or state or political org.) and politia (constitution).

For Gettel – ‘science of state’; for Seeley – ‘science of government’; Lindsay Rogers – ‘science of the art of government’; Paul Genet- ‘science of state and government’; Willoughby – ‘science of state, government and law’; Frederick Pollock – ‘science of politics’

—Since 1948 UNESCO has designated the science as PS but after WWII in G. Britain preferred to call Politics.

—The discipline came into separate existence from mid 20th century can be divided into two.

—One following traditional norms and values identified with Classical Political Science and the other applying novel perspectives is Modern or New Political Science.