Business Studies XII Content
Management and administration
Difference between administration and management
Bases of differences
It is thinking or determining function.
It is doing or executive function.
Types of work
It relates with formulation of plans and objectives.
It is operative level.
Level of authority
It is top-level activity.
It is operative level activity.
It considers public opinion, government policies, social and external factors for taking decisions.
It considers decisions influenced by values, opinions and beliefs.
Status of performer
It consists of investors.
It consists of paid employees.
It is used in government sectors.
It is used in private sectors.
Planning and organizing
Directing and controlling
Requires administrative quality
Requires technical and professional ability