Biology XII Notes for Biology Notes

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Mendel’s Law

Q) What is law of independent assortment and how is it verified from Mendel’s Cross?
Ans: Mendel’s law of independent assortment states-“When two or more than two characters are inherited from parents to offspring, the inheritance of one character is not influenced by the other.”
This law is explained by Mendel’s Dihybrid Cross as follows:

Mendel’s Dihybrid Cross

Mendels law

Mendel crossed pure breeding plants with round seeds and yellow albumen to pure breeding plants with wrinkled seeds and green albumen. The F1 plants all had found seeds and yellow albumen and Mendel predicted that they would be heterozygous for both traits (RrYy).
He then did a self-cross of the F1 plants to produce the results shown as the F2. He obtained phenotypic ratio as 9:3:3:1 and genotypic ratio 1:2:1:2:4:2:1:2:1.s

Conclusion :
The production of different recombinants in F2 generation proved that the colour and shape of seed didn’t influence each other but assorted independently in F2 generation. Hence, it verifies the law.

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