1. Positive motivation: it is also known as cost approach. It offers some reward for better performance. Such reward can be of two types i.e. money reward like giving salaries and wages, payment for higher performance like bonus and pension, payment for holidays and so on. Secondly there maybe job related reward. In such reward, it focuses on job rather than money like job enrichment, making participation ion management and decision-making, promoting employees and appraisal.
2. Negative motivation: it is known as stick approach. It is the process of motivation through punishment for poor performance. Under this technique employees are motivated through providing monetary ways like reduction of pay, providing no bonus, taking fine for poor performance and non-monetary ways may be demotion, threat, transfer to remote areas, minimization of responsibility, loss of job etc.
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