Labour law is the term used to described the varied body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, condition of work, trade unions, and labour management relations. In its most comprehensive sense it also included old age and disability insurance. Again unlike the laws of contract, tort, or property, the elements of labour laws are less homogeneous then the rule governing the particular legal relationship. Labour law, which is also a branch of sociological jurisprudence, is essentially an abridgement on the right of freedom of contract. It was to regulate the industrial sector and balance the labour and management relations.
Labour law is the term used to describe the varied body of law applied to such matter as employment, individual employment, wages and remuneration, conditions of work, trade unions, health safety and welfare, social security and labour management relation, the administration of labour law and special provision for particular occupational or other group.
However, there are two broad categories of labour law. First, collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Second, individual labour law concerns employees’ rights at work and through the contract for work. The labour movement has been instrumental in the enacting of laws protecting labour rights in the 19th and 20th centuries. Labour rights have been integral to the social and economic development since the Industrial Revolution. Employment standards are social norms for the minimum socially acceptable conditions under which employees or contractors will work.
The labour law helps to protect the weaker section of people in the employment contract so that no employees get exploited by the employer being subordinate in the contractual relationship. Labour law protects working environment, ensures rights of the employees, console the clashes between employees and employers.
In addition to individual contractual relations growing out of the traditional employment situation, labour laws deals with the statutory requirements and collective contractual relation that are increasingly important in mass- production societies, the legal relation between organized economic interests and the state, and the various rights and obligation relating to some type of social services.