Chapter One : Introduction to Computer

Chapter One : INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER

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·       Characteristics/Features of Computer
o   Speed
o   Accuracy
o   Reliability
o   Storage Capacity
o   Word Length
o   Deligence
o   Versatile
o   Automatic
o   Electronic
o   Non-intelligent
·       Application Areas of Computer
o   Education
o   Communication
o   Business
o   Transportation
o   Banking
o   Helth
o   Security
o   Industry
o   Scientific Research
o   Entertainment
o   Weather Forcasting
o   Desktop Publishing
o   Designing
o   Satellite Controlling
o   Aviation
·       Capabilities & Limitations of Computer
·       Advantages & disadvantages of Computer
·       History of Computer
o   Mechanical Age
§  Abacus
§  Stepped Reckoner (Leibniz Calculator)
§  Napier Bone
§  Diffence Engine
§  Slide Rule
§  Analytical Engine
§  Pascaline
§  Tabulating Machine
o   Electro Mechanical Age
§  MARK-I [Also known as ASCC (Automated Sequence Controlled Calculator)
§  MARK-II
§  ABC (Atanasoft Berry Computer)
o   Electric Age
§  ENIAC
§  EDAC
§  EDVAC
§  UNIVAC
·       Some Important Persons
o   Joseph Jaquard
o   Charles Babbage
o   George Boole
o   Herman Hollerith
o   Lady Augusta Ada Lovelace
·       Generation of Computer
1st Generation
2nd Generation
3rd Generation
4th Generation
5th Generation
Technology Used
Vaccum Tube
Transistor
IC
Microprocessor
Bio Chip
Operating Speed
Millisecond
Microsecond
Nanosecond
Picosecond
Femtosecond
Programming Language
Manching Level
Assembly Level
High Level
4GL
Natural
Primary Memory
Magnetic Core
Magnetic Core
Magnetic tape, Magnetic disk
Magnetic and Optical disk
THIS GENERATION OF COMPUTER IS STILL UNDER DEVELOPMENT SO, THESE FACTORS CAN’T BE ASKED/MENTIONED CURRENTLY
Secondary Memory
Magnetic tape, Magnetic drum
Magnetic tape, Magnetic drum
Magnetic tape, Magnetic disk
Magnetic tape, Magnetic disk
Input Device
Punched card
Punched card
Keyboard
Advanced I/O like Mouse,scanner
Output Devics
Printing Device
Printing Device
Monitor
Advanced I/O like LCD, LED, Color Printer
Cost
Very High
High
Low
Very Low
Speed
Very less
Less
Moderate
High
·
             ·         Artificial Intelligence (AI)
o   Characteristics of AI

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