Biology XI Content
General Approach to understand life process (characters of living beings)
Body of all living organisms is made up of cell. Cell s the basic structural and functional unit of life. Organisms having single cell are called unicellular and are protozoans whereas organisms having multi-cells are multicellular and are metazoans.
- Definite shape and size:
The living being possess definite shape and size except some lower level organisms.
Living organisms grow from within, using food that they obtain by nutrition.
All the living organisms need food, which is associated and used as a source of energy and materials for living process such as growth.
Respiration is the process of releasing energy by oxidizing the eaten food. It involves the process of gaseous exchange. Most of the animals have specific organelles for it and however, the plants do not possess specific organelles.
All living organisms have the ability to respond to changes in both the internal and external environments. Such capacity provides them better chances of survival.
Movements are distinct in animal than in plants. Animal consists some special organs for movements whereas movements in plants are generally shown by the different part instead of the whole body.
Excretion is the removal of metabolic products from the body, All the living organisms exhibit excretion process.
All the living organisms have capacity of reproducing young ones like them to maintain the continuity of life.
- Aging and Death:
Every organism has definite life span during which it grows, matures and reproduces. With the increase in age, there is deterioration of structure and function of different tissues, organs and cells, known as aging. Death is the last event of life span, when body stops functioning. Death is an irreversible process necessary to continuity of life on earth.
[Hints to remember above points: (e.g. M=Movement) M.R. NIRAGE]